Wednesday, November 28, 2007

“It was better under Smith.”

. Wednesday, November 28, 2007

In its obituary The New York Times, reliably enough, calls him a white supremacist. The London Times was more balanced in its appraisal, citing the complexity of the land he ruled. The question that will always hang over the memory of Ian Douglas Smith (1919-2007), the eighth and last Prime Minister of what was officially known as Southern Rhodesia, was whether he was a bigot. Proclaiming that “the white man is master of Rhodesia. He has built it, and he intends to keep it,” tends to suggest a rather unenlightened view on race relations. Yet Barry Goldwater said: "We need more men like Ian Smith, I think, in the world today. We have too few leaders and I'd like to see him multiplied a little bit, and spread around." Henry Kissinger, who escaped from Nazi persecution, wept as he told Smith that the United States would force him to accept black majority rule.

Settled in the final years of the nineteenth century by the British, Rhodesia was named in honour of the legendary imperialist Cecil Rhodes and encompassed, at one point, areas of what is now Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Southern Rhodesia was created as a self-governing colony in 1923. From its inception the stark demographic and economic fact of the young state's existence was that its tiny white population's - 5.5% at its height in the early 1970s - controlled most of its land and wealth. Ian Smith's father, an immigrant Scottish butcher, was fond of remarking that "we're entitled to our half of the country and the blacks are entitled to theirs." The black "half" was often its poorest and least fertile lands. While shocking to modern sensibilities the Rhodesia that Smith was born into in 1919 had many similarities to the frontier societies of Canada, Australia, the United States and Latin America. The meeting of technologically and politically advanced societies, with those scarcely out of the stone age, produced similar inequities everywhere it happened. It was the hard luck of 'old Smithy,' as he was fondly known to white Rhodesians, to lead a frontier European society in the age of de-colonization and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

In 1960 the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, visiting Cape Town, gave his "Winds of Change" speech, advising his audience of the inevitability of independence for Europe's African colonies. For most British possessions on the continent this was to be largely straight forward process, at least from the perspective of the Colonial Office in London. British rule in India was a Byzantine, quasi-federal structure, from which, somehow, a new nation state was to emerge in a matter of little more than a dozen months. The problems confronting Whitehall in Africa were simpler, its rule more recent and the natives' pre-existing political structure mostly tribal in nature. There were small white settler populations in, mostly, Southern Africa.

In Kenya, Nigeria and Tanzania these were little better than a scattering. Rhodesia and South Africa were the exceptions. White populations had achieved an economic and social critical mass, they had developed an advanced First World society in the midst of poorest areas of the Third World. It was, in the wake of Macmillan's speech, the fond hope of Whitehall that Her Majesty's white African subjects would accept the new realities quietly and sensible. As early as 1948 South Africa had embarked on a policy of Apartheid, sensing the potential loss of power to an increasingly political aware black population. While Rhodesia never adopted policies as draconian as Apartheid, the fear of being "overwhelmed" by the black population was acute and came to a head in 1965. Britain would only countenance granting independence to the colony if black majority rule were accepted by the white leadership. This, the Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith and the vast majority of the country's white population, refused to do. On November 11th of that year Smith read out a unilateral declaration of independence, the first in British Imperial history since 1776:

We have struck a blow for the preservation of justice, civilization and Christianity, and in this belief we have this day assumed our sovereign independence. God bless you all.
International recognition did not come and the new nation remained a pariah. For the next fifteen years Smith, and the approximately quarter of a million Rhodesian whites, found themselves in the glare of the world's media. Denounced as bigots and exploiters, a last hold out, save South Africa, of white misrule on the continent. For seven years the British government attempted to negotiate an end to what was technically a rebellion. Harold Wilson was told by his advisors that military intervention might provoke a mutiny among British forces. He responded by inviting Smith to two meetings in Gibraltar, at the first of which he attempted to berate the Rhodesian PM into accepting black majority rule. In 1972, after a last ditch effort by the Conservative government of Ted Heath, negotiations collapsed. Two years later Smith, under international pressure, released several black nationalist leaders, whom he had arrested nine years earlier. This, probably, served as the catalyst for a guerrilla war that was to last until the end of white rule in 1980.

The myth, spread by a sympathetic western media, emerged during the Bush War, that Robert Mugabe, an African Castro, lead his nation to freedom. The future tyrant, however, was only one of the more prominent of a series of guerrilla leaders vying for control of the country. It was a fight, incidentally, the Rhodesian Army was winning, but at an enormous cost to the country's finances. Facing the beginnings of an international campaign against Apartheid, the South African government of John Vorster began to withdraw financial and military support in late 1974. The real beginning of the end for Rhodesia, however, was not on the African veldt but in the streets of Lisbon on the morning of April 25th, 1974.

Since 1966 the United Nations, backed by the United States and Britain, had maintained a policy of sanctions against the rebel state. South Africa, and several large international companies, had engaged in extensive sanctions busting. Less well known was the support lent by the Portuguese colonial government in Mozambique. The shortest supply route between the Rhodesian capital Salisbury (now Harare) and the outside world lay along the railway line to the port of Beira. The Portuguese Imperial government, fighting its own counter-guerrilla campaigns in Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde, was more than willing to support Rhodesia's own efforts. With the overthrow of the country's fascist government in 1974, the colonies were quickly abandoned. Mozambique, under Communist rule, became a haven for anti-government forces in the Rhodesian Bush War. With South Africa now seeking detente with its new neighboring governments, Rhodesia was alone. Near bankrupt, Smith faced Henry Kissinger at the American embassy in Pretoria in September 1976. Kissinger's message was blunt, black majority rule in two years.

Smith's contention, derided as bigoted rationalizations at the time, that black rule would lead to chaos and tyranny proved itself correct, not only in the new Zimbabwe, as Rhodesia was renamed, but through out the continent. In his 1998 book Smith concluded, perhaps somewhat smugly: “I think I can correctly comment: I told you so. History records that my predictions have materialized.” In a 1983 interview he noted: “We gave Rhodesia 15 wonderful years extra, then this sort of scene would have come earlier.” In 2004 he observed:

There are millions of black people who say things were better when I was in control. I have challenged Mugabe to walk down the street with me and see who has most support. I have much better relations with black people than he does.
Unlike Mugabe, who lives in armed compound, Smith, even in the bloodiest years of the Bush War, lived with little in the way of police protection. In his last years perfect strangers would often wander into his house asking for help. “It was better under Smith," said even some of his former enemies.

A clue to the nightmare that has become Zimbabwe comes from Theodore Dalrymple, who worked as a doctor in that country in the last years of the Smith regime. From an article in his collection Our Culture, What's Left of It:

Unlike in South Africa, where salaries were paid according to a racial hierarchy(whites first, Indians and colored second, Africans last), salaries in Rhodesia were equal for blacks and whites doing the same job, so that a black junior doctor received the same salary as mine. But there remained a vast gulf in our standards of living, the significance of which escaped me at first; but it was crucial in explaining the disasters that befell the newly independent countries that enjoyed what Byron called, and eagerly anticipated as, the first dance of freedom.

The young black doctors who earned the same salary as we whites could not achieve the same standard of living for a very simple reason: they had an immense number of social obligations to fulfill. They were expected to provide for an ever expanding circle of family members (some of whom may have invested in their education) and people from their village, tribe and province. An income that allowed a white to live like a lord because of a lack of such obligations scarcely raised a black above the level of his family.


It is easy to see why a civil service, controlled and manned in its upper reaches by whites could remain efficient and uncorrupt but could not long do so when manned by Africans who were suppose to follow the same rules and procedures. The same is true, of course, of every other administrative activity, public or private. The thick network of social obligations explains why, while it would have been out of the question to bribe most Rhodesian bureaucrats, yet in only a few years it would have been out of the question not to try to bribe most Zimbabwean ones, whose relatives would have condemned them for failing to obtain on their behalf all the advantages their official opportunities might provide. Thus do they very same tasks in the very same offices carried out by people of different cultural and social backgrounds result in very different outcomes. Viewed in this light, African nationalism was a struggle for power and privilege as it was for freedom, though it co-opted the language of freedom for obvious political advantage.
Dalyrmple then turns his attention to the Europeans themselves:

Perhaps the most baleful legacy of British and other colonials in Africa was the idea of the philosopher-king, to whose role colonial officials aspired, and which they often actually played, bequeathing it to their African successors. Many colonial officials made great sacrifices for the sake of their territories, to whose welfare they were devoted, and they attempted to govern them wisely, dispensing justice evenhandedly. But they left for the nationalists the instruments needed to erect the tyrannies and kleptocracies that marked post-independence Africa.
I would like to make clear that I don't regard Ian Smith as an advocate of such views. What I wished to highlight with this post was that Smith, despite the bigotry of many of his supporters, represented the values of freedom and civilization. There is simply no comparison between the American South and Southern Africa. Black Americans were born within an essentially free nation, though one which denied them full status as citizens until very recently. They accepted, overwhelmingly, the values of that society as far as their situation allowed. To imagine that a thug like Robert Mugabe somehow exists on the same moral plain with figures like Frederick Douglas, Booker T Washington or Martin Luther King is blasphemy. Ideas matter and the culture that propagates them matters.

A better solution to the Rhodesian crisis would have been, to offer merely a suggestion, voting qualifications based on education coupled with a massive literacy and educational campaign among the black African population. While such qualifications have a dark history as one of the pillars of Jim Crow, limiting the franchise was one of the keys to Britain's peaceful transition to mass democracy in the late Victorian era. The better Rhodesians, I believe, had the same vision as the British Liberals of the nineteenth century, educate, liberate and then extend the vote. Democracy as the last stage in the development of liberty.


Neil Welton said...

"I don't believe in black majority rule - not in a thousand years." - Ian Douglas Smith.

He ignored Her Majesty's Government.

He ignored Her Majesty's Commonwealth.

Why is this post on a blog called The Monarchist?

Ian Smith didn't take much notice of the Monarchy.

Kipling said...

He reluctantly ignored Her Majesty's government after they proceeded to hand him and his countrymen out to dry. He was a monarchist and did believe in the Commonwealth, sadly London didn't believe in him.

I understand that he was, technically, a republican but like much of what else he did we must understand the context.

To answer your last question Beaverbrook asked me post to this here at the Monarchist. It was originally over at my blog, The Gods of the Copybook Headings.

Anonymous said...

Can I just point out that the UDI was no the first unilateral declaration of independence in British history since 1776. Ireland did it in 1916, even though it took a while for the message to get through.


Neil Welton said...

I wonder what the Queen thought of him.

Ignoring Her Government.

Ignoring Her Commonwealth.

The Monarchist said...

This is scholarly writing, Kipling. I think you have struck the right context and provided an honest portrayal of the man. A scholastic achievement.

For Mr. Welton's edification, this blog was never intended to be just a narrow focus on the merits of monarchy versus republic, but more on the cultural, institutional, political and historical legacy of our shared British Commonwealth heritage. That means that in addition to posts on Her Majesty, there will be posts on Churchill, Thatcher, Borden, Smuts and Hughes; on Burke, Kipling and Rhodes; on Generals Booth, Botha and get the point.

Carry on handsomely.

Neil Welton said...

Oh, yes, I get the point.

Yet I think you've missed the point.

I was wondering what the Queen thought of him.

Ignoring Her Government, ignoring Her Commonwealth.


The Monarchist said...

I don't think there is a soul on this earth that knows what the Queen thinks on anything. She's an extremely well guarded secret. That she will never grant an interview to a prying media largely explains the success of her reign.

Neil Welton said...


Makes you wonder though. I wonder what Her Majesty makes of what you, you alone call, "our shared British Commonwealth heritage"? You know like Churchill and then those people like Smith and "the T".

Especially as it involves ignoring Her Commonwealth.

Anonymous said...

Unfortunately, the title of the article is probably right. "Better" does not imply any specific level of "good" on the part of those being compared. 0.01 is still always smaller than 0.02.

Lord Best said...

Sounds like Smith saw de-colonialization for what it was, an ill planned attempt to jettison the increasing sense of guilt and responsibility the West had towards its colonies. Look at the results, barely a functioning state or society amongst them. And who do the LEft wing blame for the failure of this predominately left wing policy? The conservatives of course. A well intentioned policy fails through poor planning and disastrous implementation, ergo, the conservatives must have sabotaged it.
Bah. I wasnt even born when all this happened.

J.K. Baltzersen said...

Great obituary, with which I basically agree. I just have one little point to make:

Democracy as the last stage in the development of liberty.

I agree that it is better to eat a rotten elephant in small bits and pieces over quite a few meals than all in one meal, but eating a rotten elephant is a bad idea none the less.

It is probably true that the relative success of democracy in the West, and in the Commonwealth Realms in particular, is partly due to the piecemeal implementation of democracy.

However, we must also remember that there is a greater cultural heritage that democracy has done much harm to, but not totally destroyed.

I have my reservations about unqualified voting rights in the West of today, even if it was better to introduce them piecemeal than all at once.

Democracy is not liberty, and modern, unchecked, full-fledged democracy is certainly not.

A rotten elephant is a rotten elephant, even if you eat it piecemeal.

Neil Welton said...

However, you dress it up.

However, you avoid the question.

I guess it boils down to just one question.

Black majority rule.

Do you believe in it?

Her Majesty's Government and Commonwealth do.

Do you?

Anonymous said...

This is a great piece of writing and an interesting piece.

"I don't believe in black majority rule - not in a thousand years." - Ian Douglas Smith.

I think it's obvious what he meant. And obvious Neil above couldn't care less what he actually meant by it - even if its playing out live now, regardless of what Her Majesty's government hope (not believe)

adirtymartini said...

Very interesting. Well written too.


Theodore Harvey said...

While we may never know exactly what the Queen thought of Smith, I'm pretty sure her late mother sympathized with him.

Neil Welton said...

As Beavers would say - whose to say?

Yes, the piece is very well written but I prefer rounded pictures, as opposed to square ones.

Some very unkind person might say that the problems we have now are as a direct consequence of Ian Smith.

I think it is called "a backlash".

If only the Commonwealth had been listened to...

Anyway, black majority rule.

Do you believe in it in principle? I do. But do you?

Now, all don't rush forward.

The silence is deafening.

Kipling said...

One of the fun things about this blog is getting to debate Neil. For anyone interested please refer to my previous two-part post Men and Principles, Mr. Welton was in fine form then too.

"Black majority rule.
Do you believe in it?"

Old debating trick that. Getting your opponent to accept your premises. I don't think anyone here believes democracy is a value in and of itself. It is tool, a means to an end. Understanding this as such, its value depends on the context.

Black majority rule was a good thing in Botswana but a bad thing pretty much everywhere else in Africa. It has not lead to social collapse in Alabama or Mississippi, it has in Zimbabwe.

As for the backlash, is that why virtually every nation in sub-Saharan Africa is such a bloody mess? Is the disaster of Zimbabwe really vengence for the policies of Ian Smith? The whites have treated us badly, let's trash our country? It does not follow.

The two nations in sub-Saharan Africa not to have been colonized by Europeans, except very briefly, are Liberia and Ethiopia. Have they fared better than the average?

The issue is not black majority rule but whether it is prudent to entrust the right to vote to people lacking in even functional literacy? Who have no understanding of the values of liberty and public discourse? It does not mean that they are not entitled to their individual rights, but they are deprived of one civic right until they have the tools to exercise it.

Hopefully the above helps to reduce the silence to a dull roar ;)

adams said...


Democracy is two wolves and a sheep voting on what to have for dinner.

That is why every thoughtful writer on politics has advocated some form or attenuation of the polular will. The House of Lords, the US Senate, separate executive, legislative, and judicial organs. etc.

So to answer you directly, I think the voting system in place in Rhodisia in 1964 was quite justified.

Anonymous said...

Simply saying "you can't vote because your skin doesn't look like mine" isn't "an attenuation of the popular will," it's trampling on the popular will.

Things may have been better under Smith. That doesn't make what Smith did right.

"I don't believe in black majority rule ever in Rhodesia, not in a thousand years."

Why is a monarchist website celebrating such statements? This kind of posting just leads to the (unfounded) accusations that all monarchists are white, christian, ethnic supremacists. I'm only the first of those, and I resent the assumption that I must be the other two because I think the current constitutional monarchy is the absolute best system there is.

Kipling said...


"you can't vote because your skin doesn't look like mine"

It's a little more complicated. The 1972 deal worked out between Alec Douglas-Home and Smith to end UDI and bring Rhodesia into the Commonwealth was somewhat more subtle. As Wikipaedia explains:

"The Conservatives won the 1970 British general election and the new British government reopened negotiations with Smith. In 1971 the British government offered the Smith administration even more generous terms to end UDI. In particular, the Rhodesian land apportionment which reserved 50% of the country's land for white ownership would be allowed to continue in perpetuity. British Foreign Secretary Alec Douglas-Home privately warned Smith that it would be unwise to do this. The electoral system would be modified to allow black representation in the assembly to grow in line with voter numbers rather than contribution to the fisc and there would be no equal representation cap. However, education and wealth qualifications in the electoral roll would keep black representation very much in a minority for an extended period. Smith stated that this settlement allowed that "racial discrimination may continue as long as it is justifiable and reasonable" and he accepted it."

Not exactly the words of an arch racist "as long as it is justifiable and reasonable." Not segregation now, segregation forever. If you could sum up Smith's views on Rhodesia's blacks it would probably be the phrase "have devil, half child" from Kipling's a White Man's Burden. Patronising yes, but more humane than the alternatives.

The Monarchist said...

Why is a monarchist website celebrating such statements?

Nobody here is celebrating such statements, so drop the accusation. If anyone does, I will be the first to delete it.

Anonymous said...

Not segregation now, segregation forever.

What else does "I don't believe in black majority rule in Rhodesia, not in a thousand years." mean? I know 1000 years isn't technically "forever," but it might as well be.

Neil Welton said...

Something I said. :-)

Anyway, I've made my point.

As always.

"Black majority rule. Do you believe in it?" - this is not an "old debating trick". It is a question on a matter of principle demanding a very straight yes or no answer.

Indeed, I feel rather sorry for you if you can't answer it.

I gave my answer - I believe in it. I stated that here because as a monarchist I do believe in it. I believe in it most passionately with all my heart and with all my soul. As a monarchist community, I like to think that we all believe in it too. If you don't believe it, then you'd better start believing it - or, better still, stop claiming that you speak for the monarchist community. For by so doing you are just doing enormous harm and damage to our great cause. Those you alienate will not "like it or lump it" - they will go elsewhere. They will go somewhere where they feel at home and more properly valued - they will support the republican cause. For life wasn't "better under Smith". Life is always better in a free, fair and open democracy - with all its faults.

Thanks Anonymous for restoring my faith in humanity.

Now, don't forget - all those people lacking in functional literacy (you know, those with no understanding of the values of liberty and public discourse) will one day be voting in your next referendum on the Monarchy.

Trouble is - most of them will be white.


Neil Welton said...

Oh, I agree.

Excellent debate.

adams said...

Niel the reason asking a question like that is a debating trick is because it leaves the context undefined.

Do I believe in majority rule black or white?

It depends. Are those who will wield the franchise educated reasonable men?

If so, then of course yes. If not then no.

Vox Populi Vox Dei is no more a true principal of government than the divine right of kings.

Popular government is better than constant coups, but it is not more important than individual rights and the rule of law.

JJ said...

It’s really a classic example of a “problem of one’s own making.”

The 19th Century British colonial policy (and indeed the colonial policy of practically all of Europe at the time) was to basically treat Africa as some sort of glamorous country club for white settlers. No one really cared one iota what the Africans wanted or thought; the social Darwinism of the time had firmly established that they were a fundamentally backwards and stupid people whose role in life was to harvest and care for the members of the superior society.

It was thus more than just an incidental fact that by the time the 20th Century anti-colonialism movement came along the blacks were unqualified to run a competent government. This was in fact the deliberate result of decades of deliberate colonial policy to keep them in (or at least make no effort to alleviate them from) a state of servitude and ignorance. It’s similarly not a coincidence that the governments many Africans established in the post-colonial period were military regimes, as the military was one of the very few sophisticated “white” institutions they were allowed to fully participate in during the colonial times.

I do have sympathy for the white populations of Africa, and I have known many of them in my short life, as my community seems to have a rather large ex-pat population of Rhodesians and Afrikaners. But the only reason these people don’t have a country today is because they were such selfish, racist, spoiled, ignorant slugs during their time in power. White governments may have generated some short term material successes, with the “breadbasket of Africa” and all the rest, but any regime founded on a constitutional principle of keeping the majority impoverished and uneducated is a regime that is actively sowing the seeds of its own destruction.

Shaftesbury said...

We cannot really judge the events of 1965 fairly here, as this all occured during the Cold War and in the wake of decolonisation.

I think we would all agree that representative democracy works best and is the best of systems for Britons & those of Western European cultural descent and those influenced postively by Western European enlightenment ideals.

Can we say that Mugabe and his brand of Democracy have been good for the former Rhodesia? I think not.

What is interesting is that Smith was able to walk around without any fear in Mugabe's hell-hole, and was actually looked upon with respect by many Africans when he ventured into the former Salisbury. If he was such an obvious and detestable man, then I am sure someone in that lawless country would have slaughtered him years ago. But they didn't.

I suspect that many in Zimbabwe came to see him as more of a paternalist than a racist - which is what I believe he really was.

As someone who grew-up in a household that venerated Crown and Commonwealth, we always respected Smith and detested Labour for its naivete on the issue of Rhodesia.

Of course, I also think Smith should have accepted Heath's terms, but that is another story.

J.K. Baltzersen said...

I think we would all agree that representative democracy works best and is the best of systems for Britons & those of Western European cultural descent and those influenced postively by Western European enlightenment ideals.

Well, I guess that depends on what you mean by "all," among other things.

Personally, I believe there are substantial admirable features with European absolute monarchy, while not being the preferable form of monarchy, makes this form of monarchy superior to modern, representative democracy in Europe, republics and modern monarchies alike.

I am, though, some sort of paleomonarchist, not an anglomonarchist, nor a neomonarchist. Besides, I am not a subject of HM in a Commonwealth Realm, nor have I ever been, nor have I ever lived in one. I have lived in the Commonwealth though.

It all depends on the definition of "all."

I am, as far as I can tell, the only one honored with a non-Anglo flag in the sidebar outside of "The Queen's Cousins," for which I am flattered.

All this said, I do agree that, in comparison with Africa, the West comes out as a winner when it comes to representative democracy working well.

The Monarchist said...

All good comments. Yes, Smith was not a racist or a white supremacist, but more a paternalist or patrician in the mold of his colonial forebears, for which the world would no longer tolerate. And yes, JJ is basically right to say that the conditions for black enfranchisement were not ripe for the taking in the 1960s precisely because of hitherto imperial attitudes which prevented those conditions from being attained.

The tragedy is not that attitudes eventually changed, but that the population was not permitted to progress to responsible government. And the blame for that I suppose rests with both the old Darwinian imperialists who denied such progress because of their social values, and the new anti-colonial, guilt ridden liberals in a hurry because of their social values and instant gratification impulses.

The social revolution denied this progress because it was a revolution. The times were a-changing, but they were changing too fast.

The Monarchist said...

Mr. Baltzersen, you are an esteemed member of the English-speaking world, as evidenced by your presence here today. The English-speaking peoples are naturally all those who are English-speaking, regardless of country of origin.

Neil Welton said...

Excellent post JJ.

Not just scholarly writing but, more importantly, scholarly analysis and thought too.

For the first time ever - I agree with you!

JJ said...

Thank you sir. We may agree on more than you know!

El Jefe Maximo said...

A splendid obituary, which I am linking in my own.

Sir Walter Scott said...

JJ needs a haircut.

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Tony Abbott: Australia's 'mad monk' close to election victory
Dear Guardian: Get out of Oz or shuffle off the coil
Kid Genius: "All monarchists are either stupid or evil"
Republican Vultures: Australia should go republic after Queen dies?
Princess Royal: Hardest working Royal, Princess Anne, Turns 60
Much-Abused Imperial Poet: Rudyard Kipling unburdened
Admiral Cod: Wilfred Thesiger, Archeo-Traditionalist
Diamond Jubilee: Bring Back the Royal Yacht Britannia
On Flickr: The British Monarchy's Photostream
Buck House: No Garden Party tea for BNP leader, Nick Griffin
In Quebec: The Queen is still Wolfe in sheep’s clothing
Queen's PM: Australia will not vote on ties to British monarchy
Camelot: Historians locate King Arthur's Round Table?
Royal Neglect: Is Britain becoming a republic by default?
Monarchy or Anarchy? No third option explains David Warren
Charles vs Modernists: God Bless the Prince of Wales!
After Her Majesty: Who will wear the crown in Canada?
Bargain for Britain: And for the Commonwealth Realms
Queen's Prime Minister: Harper advised by "ardent monarchists"
Muddled Monarchist: A troubled and confused loyalist
Loyal Subject: God Bless Her Majesty!
Queen's Prime Minister: Harper really loves the Queen
Crown & Pants: She wears the crown and he wears the pants
The Maple Kingdom: The ‘iron cage’ of the colonial past dissipates…
The Crown Knows Best: It all Begins and Ends with Monarchy
White Rose Day: Burke's Corner on "Sorrowing Loyalty"
Happy B'day Grand Old Duke: It's a pity they don't make his kind anymore
Saved by the Crown: What monarchs offer modern democracy
Queen's Speech: Black Marks, Brownie Points at the State Opening
The Navy's 100th! Restore the honour 'Royal' Canadian Navy
Happy Birthday! Her Majesty The Queen turns 84.
Abolish the Commons: Suicidal tendencies of the modern political class
Labour Vandalism: Plans to abolish the House of Lords
Lord Black: "The ultimate degradation of the 'white man's burden'"
Old Etonian: Guppy the Ex-Bullingdonian speaks of his loyalty
Duchess of Devonshire: bemoans the demise of the Stiff Upper Lip
Queen Victoria: A film remarkable for its lack of anti-British prejudice
Climate Imperialism: Rich nations guilty of 'climate colonialism'
Bye Bye Britain: The UK officially not a sovereign state
Monarchy Haters: A Strange Form of Bitterness
Royal Intrigue: The secret plot to deny the Queen the throne
Never mind the Queen? Summing up Daniel Hannan in four words
Queen & Country: David Warren on a Big Lie finally corrected
Defending the Royals: Repatriate the Monarchy argues Andrew Coyne


Classic Warner: The other November the 11th
Brave Loyalist! Lone woman takes on anti-Royal mob in Montréal
Loyal Subject: Evaluating the monarchy against their own little worlds
Death so Noble: An 'almost divine act of self-sacrifice'
Crux Australis: Howard revisits his victory over the republic
Lord Ballantrae: The Would-Be King of New Zealand
Lord Iggy: Anti-Monarchist Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition
Old Etonian: A modern-day Lawrence of Arabia?
Sir Keith Park: The Commonwealth's Finest Hour
Buckingham Masjid: Buckingham Palace under the Shariah
The Maple Crown: Our ties to monarchy are bigger than the royals
His Tonyness: Holy Roman Emperor, Leader of Progressive Humanity
Young Fogey: Rafal Heydel-Mankoo on Chretien's Order of Merit
He's not a snob, Bob: Why does Canada cling to British colonial roots?
Fount of Justice: Crown sidelined from new Supreme Court
The Clown Prince: The world’s third longest-serving head of state
Hell, Britannia, you’re just nasty: Licence to make crass sexual jokes on the BBC about the Queen is depravity, not liberty
Loyal Subject: The Governor General can't take the Queen out of Canada
Save Our Dukes: Return peerage appointments to the Queen
Lord Black of Crossharbour: Why I became a Catholic
Not Amused: Her Majesty "appalled" at the direction of her Church
A Sad Day in Pretoria: When South Africa Lost its Star
The Queen Mother: Noblesse Oblige vs the Me Generation
Aristocrats: A review of Lawrence James's new book in the FT
Crown and Shamrock: Irish went underground to view coronation
Bye bye Camelot: Obituaries on Ted Kennedy here, here and here.
Scotch Whisky Do not boycott for ye Scots had precious little to do with it
Loyal Subject: God (and Young Liberals) saving the Queen
Aussie Monarchist: A good bloke calls it a day
Blog of the Order: This man can redesign our blog any time he wants
Lord Black: Much ado about the Republic of China
Stalwart Jacobite: But has no problem with Elizabeth II of Canada
Royal Commonwealth Society: Join the Conversation
H.M.A.S. Sydney: Inquiry blames captain for worst naval disaster
Imperial Constitution: Was the American Revolution avoidable?
Hero Harry Patch: Saying Goodbye to All That
King and Country: The 250th Anniversary of the Battle of Minden
King's College: Crosses Return to the Columbia Crown
Lord Salisbury: An interview with the 7th Marquess of Salisbury
Queen's Commonwealth: Quaint historical relic or meaningful bloc?
Queen's Prime Minister: Chrétien's perplexing gong
Why Ma'am Must Stay: The New Statesman is foaming at the mouth
Happy We-Should-Restore-The-Monarchy-And-Rejoin-Britain Day!
CinC: The Queen's Broadcast to Her Armed Forces around the World
Elizabeth Cross follows a tradition that started with Crimean War
Dominion Day: Canada was an act of divine loyalty
The "Whaddever Monarchy": A Prince and his indulgent public
English Constitution: A written constitution is not the answer
Rest in Peace: Roméo LeBlanc, former governor general, dies at 81
Prince of Wales: Who, apart from the Prince, speaks up for beauty?
Queen's Prime Minister: New Zealand restores Queen's Counsel
Why I accepted my OBE:Radical feminist Marxist accepts "cruel imperial order"
On Lord Loser: Modernist architects carry on where the Luftwaffe left off
The Puissant Prince: Thanks to Prince Charles for meddling
"It's our republic"? It's our monarchy, not a dance with republican elites
Grand Old Duke: Happy 88th Birthday to Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh
Warner: It is time for the Queen to dissolve Parliament.
Royal Fix: Prince Charles resolves diplomatic impasse.
Not Amused: France admits snubbing the Queen.
Useless Monarchy? Prince Charles is taking on the starchitects...and winning.
Vice-Regal Salute: Governor General of Canada least boring vice-regal ever
Loyal Subject: For genuine patriots pride in the monarchy is fundamental
Cranmer: The Mother of Parliaments has become a whorehouse of ill-repute
Poet Laureate: Will ignore royal events if they don't inspire her
Grand Old Duke: The longest-serving royal consort in British history.
Keep our Feudal Failsafes: Monarchy is not a game of 'fair'
Farewell to Helen Clark: "I deeply detest social distinction and snobbery"
Eco-Monarchy: A not completely irreverant look at the future King
Voyage Through the Commonwealth: World cruise around the faded bits of pink.
The Equality Bill: A real nasty piece of work by the Lord Privy Seal
Laughter from the Gallery: Canada's a Republic, claim Australian politicians.
Peter Hitchens on America: Canada and America, two ideas of how to be free.
Let's Not: If the disappearance of newspapers is inevitable, let's get on with it.
Strange Bedfellows: No friend of monarchy, but...we admired the good bits
King Harper: A Parliament of Potted Palms.
Keep our Feudal Failsafes: Monarchy is not a game of 'fair'
Gentleman Royalist: Theodore Harvey is baptised an Anglican
Farewell to Helen Clark: "I deeply detest social distinction and snobbery"
Republican humour: Keeping monarchy means we don't have confidence
Eco-Monarchy: A not completely irreverant look at the future King
Catholic Tory: Amend the Act of Settlement - but not yet
Why you should still read The Guardian: Let's hear it for mad monarchy
Reform the Monarchy? Let's wait another century, says Lord Rees-Mogg
Not Amused: Mr. Rudd, and his totalitarian certainty
Irish Blues: Ireland out in the cold over British Monarchy debate
Act of Settlement: Here's a Tory view, and here's a Whig view
Lord Black: The magnificent absurdity of George Galloway
Vice-Regal Saint: Remembering Paul Comtois (1895–1966), Lt.-Gov Québec
Britannic Inheritance: Britain's legacy. What legacy will America leave?
Oxford Concision: Daniel Hannan makes mince meat of Gordon Brown
Commonwealth Voyage: World cruise around the faded bits of pink.
"Sir Edward Kennedy": The Queen has awarded the senator an honorary Knighthood.
President Obama: Hates Britain, but is keen to meet the Queen?
The Princess Royal: Princess Anne "outstanding" in Australia.
H.M.S. Victory: In 1744, 1000 sailors went down with a cargo of gold.
Queen's Commonwealth: Britain is letting the Commonwealth die.
Justice Kirby: His support for monarchy almost lost him appointment to High Court
Royal Military Academy: Sandhurst abolishes the Apostles' Creed.
Air Marshal Alec Maisner, R.I.P. Half Polish, half German and 100% British.
Cherie Blair: Not a vain, self regarding, shallow thinking viper after all.
Harry Potter: Celebrated rich kid thinks the Royals should not be celebrated
The Royal Jelly: A new king has been coronated, and his subjects are in a merry mood
Victoria Cross: Australian TROOPER MARK DONALDSON awarded the VC
Godless Buses: Royal Navy veteran, Ron Heather, refuses to drive his bus
Labour's Class War: To expunge those with the slightest pretensions to gentility
100 Top English Novels of All Time: The Essential Fictional Library
Royal Racism? Our intellectually febrile self appointed arbiters of modern manners
The Story of Bill Stone, RN: "Contented mind. Clean living. Trust in God"
Bill Stone: Last British veteran of both world wars dies
Reverse Snobbery: "Prince William and Harry are not very bright"
Poet Laureate: The English-Speaking Peoples need a poet laureate
Prince Harry: Much Ado about Nothing
H.M.A.S. Sydney: Australia seeks answers to its worst naval disaster
BIG BEN: Celebrating 150 Years of the Clock Tower
Winnie-the-Pooh: Canada's famous bear, Winnie (Winnipeg), to be published in a sequel
Not Amused: Traditional fairytales are not politically correct enough for our children
The British Empire: "If you were going to be colonized, you wanted to be colonized by the British"
Gross Constitutional Impropriety: Without mandate for change, plebiscites work to undermine the system


Count Iggy: Michael Ignatieff takes the reigns of the LPC
Lord Black of Crossharbour: Harper and Ignatieff promise a rivalry for the ages
Strange Bedfellows: The monarchy is safe from this republican
Fount of Dishonour: The growing distinction of remaining an unadorned Mister
Republican Poet: Colby Cosh on that mute inglorious Milton
Church of England: The Conservative case for the Established Church of England
Liberal Secular Scrooges: A Blight on the Festive Landscape
Fount of Honour: The Queen's New Year Honours List
Act of Settlement: the last brick in a crumbling wall, by Philip Lardner
What next, Mr. Hannan, the conservative case for disestablishing the monarchy?
Hair to the Throne: Prince William's beard is fit for a King.
Canada's House of Lords: Why reforming the Senate is profoundly unwelcome.
Someone who gets it: The proper relationship between liberty and democracy.
More Pseudo Democracy: Keep on voting until you get it right.
Royal Christmas: Queen's Christmas Message still trumps seasonal schedule.
Archbishop Williams: A 'certain integrity' to a disestablished Church of England.
Loyal Subject: Debunking the antimonarchist claims of The Economist.
Royal Prerogative: Grand Duke says no to legalised murder assisted suicide.
Lord Iggy: The Nobleman versus the Doberman
It's Over: the day, the decision, the crisis, the coalition, and Dion’s leadership
Loyal Subject: Speak out Charles, our teenage politicians never will
Prince Charles at 60: 60 Facts About HRH, Prince Charles of Wales
Remembrance Day Hymns: O Valiant Hearts; Abide With Me
For Liberty and Livelihood! Duke of Norfolk leads hunt protest ban
Keating Remembers: "I have never been to Gallipoli, and I never will"
John Cleese a Republican? An anti-monarchist rant worthy of Monty Python
Balfour Declaration: The precursor to the Statute of Westminster
Beaverbrook's Grandson: SAS Major Sebastian Morley resigns in disgust
"His Mightiness": Yanks and the royals; the Eagle and the Crown
England Expects: The Hero of Trafalgar at 250
Harper and Howard: An embarrassing example of Anglosphere Unity
Crowning Insult: Labour's legacy will be its destruction of the monarchy
Her Excellency: An Interview with Governor-General Quentin Bryce
Age of Oversensitivity: Churchill wouldn't stand a chance in Canadian election
William of Wales: Prince chooses RAF career over that of a 'working Royal'
Australia's Loyal Opposition: Republican Turnbull now on Queen's side
Loyal Subject: The Age of Elizabeth II, by A.N. Wilson
Tory Icon? Daniel Hannan says British Tories should follow Stephen Harper
Chasing Churchill: Around the world with Winston
Her Majesty The Queen - A Life in Film
The Crown in Oz: Australia swears in first female governor-general
Lèse majesté? The Royal Australian Institute of Architects drops the 'royal'
Rest In Peace: David Lumsden of Cushnie (1933-2008), President of the 1745 Assn.
Monarchies Rule: Prominent Australian republican says monarchies are the best
Sir Don Bradman: Oz remembers The Don, the greatest cricketer batsman of all time
Padre Benton: The Living Tradition in Piddingworth
"Stodgy anachronism" More moist, vapid effusions from the Diana cult
Drool Britannia: London Summer Olympics 2012
Taki the Aristocrat: Unrepentedly wealthy and well mannered
Wanted: Uncorker Message in a bottle faster than Royal Mail
The Other St. George: Will Georgia restore its monarchy?
Gentlemen's Clubs: The Great Club Revolution of New York
The Laughing Cavalier: What an utterly absurd article
Health unto His Future Majesty: "Royalty dares to challenge the New Order"
"Grace, Your Grouse!" Better to kill a fellow gun than wing a beater
Boys will be adventurous: To Ulaanbaatar by London cab
A King's Breakfast: A trenchant defence of the full English breakfast
Republican beer: Forget Coopers, support Fosters
Trafalgar Square: Sanity prevails on the fourth plinth
The Empire Builder: How James Hill built a railroad without subsidies
"Harvard was not amused": Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 1918–2008
Greatest Briton: Wellington is "greater than Churchill"
Death of the Necktie? A well-tied tie is the first serious step in life
Not Amused: The next Chief Justice of Australia to be a republican
Royal New Zealand Air Force: God Save N.Z. from the Cannibals
Why English Pubs are Dying: The totalitarian smoking ban.
Swooning over Princess Obama: A Coronation or the Second Coming?
Dreams of an Academic: Gough Whitlam to have the last laugh?
Joshua Slocum meet President Kruger: Yet another reason to love the Boers
Changing of the Guard: Annual Inspection at Rideau Hall
H.M.S. Iron Duke: A Foe for William and Sea Room
Fountain of Honour: Australian pop star gets Order of the British Empire
DOMINION DAY: Read David Warren's Lament for a Nation
Kiwi Tribalism: Sealords, Treelords, what are New Zealanders coming to?
Of Queen and Country: John Elder disects the current state of monarchy in Oz
Not Amused: The Olympic Games trump Buckingham Palace
CMR Returns: The Royal Military College of St. John
Hereditary peers overwhelmingly rejected the Lisbon Treaty
Archbishop Cranmer: Royal Assent given to the Treaty of Lisbon
Crown Commonwealth: Referendum confirms Her Majesty as Queen of Tuvalu
Duke of York: Prince Andrew Visits Troops in Afghanistan
Treaty of Lisbon: A Litmus Test for the British Monarchy
The Queen and I: The man who caused royal kerfuffle gives view of the monarchy
HMS Ontario sunk in 1780, found intact! at bottom of Lake Ontario
Hold the Lime, Bartender: Only lemon properly complements a gin and tonic
Elizabethans Down Under: Are most Australian monarchists merely "Elizabethans"?
Edwardian Gentleman: What To Do When You Find a Hohenzollern in Your Study
Hooray for Kid's Day!! Melbourne newspaper won't come of Age
Unhappy Kingdom: Why Liberal Democracy is Failing Us
Knightless Realm: The world yawns as John Howard is made an AC
Scots Tory: Bring Back the Stiff Upper Lip, says Gerald Warner
HMY Britannia: Let's lay the keel for a new royal yacht
For Queen, Country and Low Pay: PM pledges to do better
Maple Leaf republic? Roger Kimball's sleight of hand (since corrected!)
Queen's Birthday: New Zealand unveils new Vice-Regal Standard
Prince Charming: Quebec author calls Canadian G-G a "negro queen"
The Senior Service: Sub-Lieutenant Wales to take on Pirates of the Caribbean
Crown of Disenchantment: What does it require to withhold royal assent?
Colonial Mentality: Key republican thinks Victoria Cross is a colonial relic
The Red Baron: Billy Bishop, not Mannock, was the British Empire's top ace
Which Scots conservatism: Unionist or Nationalist?
Loyal Subject: After all she has done, we owe the Queen our oath
Victoria Day – Fête de la Reine: Official B'day of the Queen of Canada
Renaming the Victoria Day Weekend: Let's get rid of Heritage Day Bob
Pro Valore: Canada mints its own Victoria Cross in time for Victoria Day
State Visit to Turkey: Mustafa Akyol says God Save the Queen, Indeed
Norn Iron Unites: What issue is uniting all parties of Northern Ireland?
Extreme Loyalist: Michael Stone attempted to slit the throats of Adams and McGuinness because he just "can't handle" republicans being in government.
Canada's Vice-Regal dubbed an elegant mix between Lady Di and Nelson Mandela
Queen of Australia: Support for Australian republic hits new low
A Heroes Welcome: The Windsor Castle Royal Tattoo, 8-10 May 2008
Fat, Vile and Impudent: Alan Fotheringham is back on the bottle
The Devine Right of Bling: Our Royals have become hereditary celebrities
Battle of the Atlantic: Canadians remember the longest battle of WW2
Old Etonian Toff: Boris Johnson installed as Tory Mayor of London
Britain needs a Patron Saint: Cry God for Harry, Britain and St. Aiden?
Anglos in Mont-Royal: Rooting for the Montreal Canadiens
Daniel Hannan: Borders of the Anglosphere and the British Empire was a mistake
Australia 2020: One Big Fat Republican Con Job
Bye bye Tommy: O it's Tommy this, an' Tommy that, an' "Tommy go away"
For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?
Carpetbaggers Down Under: Kevin 'Mugabe' Rudd wins 98.5% support for republic
Kipling: The Jeremiah of Empire and the Poet Laureate of Civilisation
Duke of Edinburgh: Behind the gaffes is a man of real sincerity
Lord Rutherford: The Father of the Atom lives on in great great grandson
Queen of Australia: Royalty Protects us from Tyranny, David Barnett
Long Live the Broadsheet! Norumbega, more traditionalist than the Pope.
A Tale of Two Countries: Soldiers of Britain and Canada serve the same Queen but...
Loyal Subject: Polishing the Royal Crown, Matt Bondy & Brendon Bedford
Devoted to the End: Obituary of Sir Phillip Bridges
The Monarchist does not recognize the Republic of Kosova
Loyal Subject: MPs Ruse Defeated; God Save the Queen!
St. Paddy's Day: Edmund Burke, the greatest Irishman who ever lived
Not Amused: The Bunkum of Timothy Garton Ash
Hero Harry: Rave Reviews across the Commonwealth
Patriot Prince: Prince Harry fought for us all, Charles Moore
William F. Buckley, RIP: He had a Tory gratitude for the pleasures of life
Their Lordships' Duty: The House of Lords can influence the Lisbon Treaty debate
Knights of Oz: Revive Sirs or I'll have your guts for garters
Peter Hitchens: People love the Queen...and the BBC hates us for it
Our Greatest Monarch: Paul Johnson says Henry V was our greatest monarch
Princess Diana Inquest: A Dirty Raincoat Show for the World
Malcom Turnbull: 'Queen's death will spark republican vote'
Duke of York: The Royals are not "stuffed dummies". They should have their say
Peers of the Realm: The decline and fall of the House of Lords - Charles A. Coulombe
Peter Hitchens: Get rid of the monarchy and you will get rid of a guardian of liberty
Honouring Sir Edmund Hillary
The Queen versus an E.U. President
Going Solo: Prince William earns his Wings
James C. Bennett: The Third Anglosphere Century
Knights of Oz: Revive Sirs or I'll have your guts for garters
Princess Diana Inquest: A Dirty Raincoat Show for the World
Malcom Turnbull: 'Queen's death will spark republican vote'
Future Peer: The life and times of Lady Victoria Beckham
Peers of the Realm: The decline and fall of the House of Lords - Charles A. Coulombe
Peter Hitchens: Get rid of the monarchy and you will get rid of a guardian of liberty


New York Times: Ever Backwards into the Royal Future
Peter Hitchens: People love the Queen...and the BBC hates us for it
Christopher Hitchens: An Anglosphere Future
Andrew Cusack: Republicanism is a traitor's game
Courageous Patrician: Rt Hon Ian Douglas Smith (1919-2007)
The Last Rhodesian: What began with Rhodes and ended with Ian?
Gentleman Journalist: The Lord Baron W.F. Deedes, 1913-2007
Not Amused: Blair's sinister campaign to undermine the Queen
Loyal Subject: Queen Elizabeth: A stranger in her own country
Reverence Deference: Bowing and Scraping Back in Tradition
Rex Murphy: Kennedy, Churchill, Lincoln - The rousing bon mot is no more
Gerald Warner: Don't shed a tear for Diana cult in its death throes
The End of Grandeur: Rich, chincy Canada puts Strathmore on the blocks
Confessions of a Republican Leftie: "The Queen charmed the pants off me"
The King's Own Calgary Regiment: Cpl. Nathan Hornburg is laid to rest
The Royal Gurkha Rifles: Prince William grieves the death of Major Roberts
Queensland Mounted Rifles: Trooper David Pearce, 41, killed in Afghanistan
The Order of Canada: 100 investitures later, Canada's highest honour turns 40
Prince Edward on Prince Edward Island: Troop's link to monarchy important
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN: Unveils the UK Armed Forces Memorial
Great Britain: "A rotten borough with a banana monarchy" - by Europhile
Peers of the Realm: The decline and fall of the House of Lords - Charles A. Coulombe
Remembering 'Smithy': An obituary tour de force by Andrew Cusack here, here and here.
NOT AMUSED: Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Quebec not invited to Quebec's tercentenary